In its meeting on 4-5 December 2006, the Justice and Home Affairs Council of the European Union concluded that Integrated Border Management (at the external borders of the EU) is a concept that consists of the following elements:
- Border control (checks and surveillance) as defined in the Schengen Borders Code, including relevant risk analysis and crime intelligence
- Detection and investigation of cross-border crime in coordination with all competent law enforcement authorities
- Coordination and coherence of the activities of EU Member States and institutions and other bodies of the Community and the Union.
- Inter-agency cooperation for border management (border guards, customs, police, national security and other relevant authorities) and international cooperation
- The four-tier access control model *
Basically, points 1 and 2 above refer to what should be done, points 3 and 4 to how it should be done, and point 5 to where it should be done.
* The four-tier access control model specifically refers to:
- Measures in third countries (advice and training)
- Cooperation with neighbouring countries (agreements)
- Border control (at the external border)
- Control measures within the area of free movement (the Schengen area)