Essence of the European Union IBM concept

In its meeting on 4-5 December 2006, the Justice and Home Affairs Council of the European Union concluded that Integrated Border Management (at the external borders of the EU) is a concept that consists of the following elements:

  1. Border control (checks and surveillance) as defined in the Schengen Borders Code, including relevant risk analysis and crime intelligence 

  2. Detection and investigation of cross-border crime in coordination with all competent law enforcement authorities 

  3. Coordination and coherence of the activities of EU Member States and institutions and other bodies of the Community and the Union. 

  4. Inter-agency cooperation for border management (border guards, customs, police, national security and other relevant authorities) and international cooperation 

  5. The four-tier access control model * 


Basically, points 1 and 2 above refer to what should be done, points 3 and 4 to how it should be done, and point 5 to where it should be done.

* The four-tier access control model specifically refers to:

  1. Measures in third countries (advice and training)
  2. Cooperation with neighbouring countries (agreements)
  3. Border control (at the external border)
  4. Control measures within the area of free movement (the Schengen area)