The need to coordinate the border-management activities of an enlarged European Union was what led to the creation, in 2004, of Frontex – whose full title is the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union. Essentially, Frontex helps border authorities from different EU countries work together. It is tasked with reinforcing and streamlining cooperation between national border authorities. It seeks to establish best practices at the EU’s external border, to harmonise approaches and share EU border expertise with national officers. Guiding Frontex’s approach to its work is the concept of Integrated Border Management.
Frontex’s main areas of activity include joint operations (at the EU’s external border); training (to harmonise training standards, using for example the Frontex Common Core Curriculum); risk analysis (gathering of data/information at the EU’s external border); research; rapid response; assistance in joint return operations (according to fundamental rights principles); development of information systems. With its vast experience in leading the coordination of operations at the external border of the Member States of the European Union, Frontex is well positioned to implement the EaP/IBM Capacity Building project.
The new Regulation on the European Border and Coast Guard entered into force on 6 October 2016. As a result, the agency is now called Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency
For more information on Frontex, go to: www.frontex.europa.eu
The World Customs Organization (WCO), established in 1952 as the Customs Co-operation Council, is an independent inter-governmental body whose mission is to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of customs administrations. Its headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium. Today, the WCO represents 179 customs administrations across the globe that collectively process approximately 98% of world trade. As a forum for dialogue and exchange of experiences between national customs delegates, the WCO offers its members a range of conventions and other international instruments, as well as technical assistance and training services, and actively supports its members in building capacity within their national customs administrations.
Besides the vital role played by the WCO in stimulating the growth of legitimate international trade, its efforts to combat fraudulent activities are also recognised internationally. In accordance with the WCO’s partnership approach, the WCO’s Secretary General, Mr Kunio Mikuriya, dedicated the year 2015 to Coordinated Border Management under the slogan “Coordinated Border Management - An inclusive approach for connecting stakeholders”. By promoting the emergence of an honest, transparent and predictable customs environment, the WCO directly contributes to the economic and social well-being of its members. Against this backdrop, the WCO is happy to particpate as implementing partner in the EaP-IBM capacity building project.
For more information on the WCO, go to: www.wcoomd.org
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organisation in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental partners. With 157 member states, a further 10 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.
IOM has been working closely with the governments of the six Eastern Partnership countries since the early 1990s on capacity building projects concerning immigration and border management. Its engagement for the EaP-IBM Capacity Building Project will consist of administrative support to project activities and substantial inputs to a number of concrete training activities foreseen during the project.
For more information on IOM, go to: www.iom.int
The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), established in 1993 by Austria and Switzerland, is an international organisation headquartered in Vienna working in migration-related fields. Specifically, ICMPD works in the fields of irregular migration and return, trafficking in human beings, border management and visa, asylum, migration and development, and legal migration and integration. ICMPD has worked with over 100 partners from around the globe and currently has 15 Member States, with activities ongoing in Europe, Africa, Central Asia, the Middle East and Latin America.
The area of border management has been a priority area for ICMPD since the organisation was founded, with over 50 projects implemented in that field globally to date. These projects have included tailor-made training; support in the development of strategies, action plans and SOPs; the drafting of legal instruments; and facilitation of multilateral dialogue. ICMPD has also focused on further developing and promoting the concept of Integrated Border Management. ICMPD’s involvement in IBM started with support to the EC in the development of the 'Guidelines for Integrated Border Management in the Western Balkans' in 2004.
For more information on ICMPD’s work in border management, go to: http://www.icmpd.org/Border-Management-Visa.1566.0.html.